This is the second SPOT (short public online tutorial) on IMTA (Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture). This SPOT explains the beginnings of IMTA 5000 years ago in China, moves to Egypt and finishes in the Renaissance period. Throughout this period of time, IMTA is explained without forgetting its food system aspect. If you are a student doing an aquaculture module please visit the main page to access the other SPOTS

For further reading and picture credits see below.


Chopin, T. (2013) Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture: Ancient, Adaptable Concept Focuses On Ecological Integration. Global Aquaculture Alliance. p 16.

Ericksen P.J., 2008, Conceptualizing food systems for global environmental change research. Global Environmental Change 18(1), 234-245.

Note: to the best knowledge of the author the remaining pictures are in the public domain. However please contact the author if you find a picture that was not properly credited.